Eating and Food Issues

Eating and food issues comprise a range of behavior, such as overeating or under eating, that may or may not meet diagnostic criteria for an eating disorder.food-issues

Eating and food issues occur when one’s relationship to food spirals out of control, as is the case with anorexia nervosa, when a severe restriction of food results in dramatic weight loss, health complications, and even death, if left untreated. Eating issues generally occur because people develop complicated relationships with food or their bodies that might result in compulsive exercising and overeating or under eating, rather than allowing appetite and hunger to dictate eating cycles.

Statistics on Eating Disorders

According to the National Association of Anorexia and Associated Disorders. Statistics on eating disorders indicate that the problem is still not being adequately treated:

  • At least 30 million people of all ages and genders suffer from an eating disorder in the U.S. 1, 2
  • Every 62 minutes at least one person dies as a direct result from an eating disorder.3
  • Eating disorders have the highest mortality rate of any mental illness.4
  • 13% of women over 50 engage in eating disorder behaviors.5
  • In a large national study of college students, 3.5% sexual minority women and 2.1% of sexual minority men reported having an eating disorder.6
  • 16% of transgender college students reported having an eating disorder.6
  • In a study following active duty military personnel over time, 5.5% of women and 4% of men had an eating disorder at the beginning of the study, and within just a few years of continued service, 3.3% more women and 2.6% more men developed an eating disorder.7
  • Eating disorders affect all races and ethnic groups.8
  • Genetics, environmental factors, and personality traits all combine to create risk for an eating disorder.9

Sources:

  1. Hudson, J. I., Hiripi, E., Pope, H. G., & Kessler, R. C. (2007). The prevalence and correlates of eating disorders in the national comorbidity survey replication.Biological Psychiatry, 61(3), 348–358.
  2. Le Grange, D., Swanson, S. A., Crow, S. J., & Merikangas, K. R. (2012). Eating disorder not otherwise specified presentation in the US population.International Journal of Eating Disorders, 45(5), 711-718.
  3. Eating Disorders Coalition. (2016). Facts About Eating Disorders: What The Research Shows.http://eatingdisorderscoalition.org.s208556.gridserver.com/couch/uploads/file/fact-sheet_2016.pdf
  4. Smink, F. E., van Hoeken, D., & Hoek, H. W. (2012). Epidemiology of eating disorders: Incidence, prevalence and mortality rates.Current Psychiatry Reports,14(4), 406-414.
  5. Gagne, D. A., Von Holle, A., Brownley, K. A., Runfola, C. D., Hofmeier, S., Branch, K. E., & Bulik, C. M. (2012). Eating disorder symptoms and weight and shape concerns in a large web‐based convenience sample of women ages 50 and above: Results of the gender and body image (GABI) study.International Journal of Eating Disorders45(7), 832-844.
  6. Diemer, E. W., Grant, J. D., Munn-Chernoff, M. A., Patterson, D., & Duncan, A. E. (2015). Gender identity, sexual orientation, and eating-related pathology in a national sample of college students.Journal of Adolescent Health, 57(2), 144-149.
  7. Jacobson, I. G., Smith, T. C., Smith, B., Keel, P. K., Amoroso, P. J., Wells, T. S., Bathalon, G. P., Boyko, E. J., & Ryan, M. A. (2009). Disordered eating and weight changes after deployment: Longitudinal assessment of a large US military cohort.American Journal of Epidemiology, 169(4), 415-427.
  8. Marques, L., Alegria, M., Becker, A. E., Chen, C.-n., Fang, A., Chosak, A., & Diniz, J. B. (2011). Comparative prevalence, correlates of impairment, and service utilization for eating disorders across US ethnic groups: implications for reducing ethnic disparities in health care access for eating disorders.International Journal of Eating Disorders, 44(5), 412-4120.
  9. Culbert, K. M., Racine, S. E., & Klump, K. L. (2015). Research Review: What we have learned about the causes of eating disorders – a synthesis of sociocultural, psychological, and biological research.Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 56(11), 1141-1164. 

Eating Disorders

Understanding the signs of common eating disorders will alert you to this serious problem in yourself or someone close to you.

  • Anorexia nervosa;
  • Bulimia nervosa;
  • Binge eating disorder;
  • Binge Eating Disorder Association;
  • Avoidant/Restrictive food intake disorder; (ARFID)
  • Rumination disorder;
  • Eating when not feeling hungry;
  • Eating alone due to feeling shame;
  • Eating more quickly than normal;
  • Eating until feeling uncomfortable; and
  • Feeling depressed, disgusted, or guilty after overeating.
Treatments of Eating Disorder

Treatment for an eating disorder will depend on the specifics of the disorder and will modify to each patient. Generally, the goals of eating disorder treatments are to restore the person to a healthy weight,eating-disorders-treatments-nurse-consults-mother-and-daughter treat any psychological problems related to or coexisting with the disorder, and reduce behaviors or thoughts that contribute to the eating disorder. Treatment must address all aspects of the disorder, including psychological and medical components. Continuing therapy may need to prevent relapse and treat related psychological problems. A partial hospitalization program is the right stop for you; our inpatient treatment includes:

  • Individual therapy;
  • Group therapy;
  • Exercise, yoga, therapeutic swimming etc;
  • Nutritional guidance and therapy;
  • Medication management if required;
  • Assessment of progress to keep everything on track;
  • Family therapy;
  • Planning of aftercare.